Figure and Motion, Comic Page, Step 1
For my creation story I chose to do “A Potawatomi Story” in a humorous comic genre. This story comes from the Native American people of Wisconsin and is about the origin of humans and then the creation of the Potawatomi, Ojibwe and Ottawa people.
I have gathered some images from/for the Native American people of Wisconsin for information for this project:
“The Eagle Book series was written by health worker Georgia Perez and illustrated by two collaborating Native American artists. Patrick Rolo (Bad River Band of Ojibwe, Wisconsin) sketched the scenes for the books in pencil and Lisa A. Fifield (Oneida Tribe of Wisconsin, Black Bear Clan) painted the sketches using watercolor. Rolo and Fifields’s collaboration has resulted in beautiful artwork, drawing from both artists’ cultural heritage. They chose the theme of diabetes awareness and prevention since the disease affects nearly 24 million people in the United States, but is a much higher risk for the Native American and Alaska Native Communities.”
“This art work symbolizes the Wisconsin Inter-Tribal Pink Shawl Initiative, a new program to bring breast cancer information to the state’s American Indian women.”
“Woody Crumbo was an artist with a keen interest in history and love of teaching.”
Native Americans of Wisconsin Information/History:
The following list of American Indians who have lived in Wisconsin has been compiled from Hodge’sHandbook of American Indians… and from Swanton’s The Indian Tribes of North America. Some are simply variant spellings for the same tribe.
Tribes: Chippewa, Dakota, Fox, Hochunk, Housatoni, Illinois, Iowa, Iroquois, Kickapoo, Mahican, Mascouten, Menomiee, Miami, Missouri, Munsee, New York Indians, Noquet, Ojibwe, Oneida, Oto, Ottawa, Patawatomi, Sauk, Stockbridge, Tionontati, Winnebago, Hochungray, Wayandot
Council of the Three Fires: Potawatomi or Bodewadmi, Odawa and Ojibwe tribes.
Menominee Clans: Clans organized the community. Each clan was responsible for one aspect of the Society (Keepers of the law, Hunting and gathering, architecture, construction and art, individual security and freedom and justice): Bear Clan, Big Thunder Clan, Wolf Clan, Crane Clan, Moose Clan.
The Oneida Nation is part of the Iroquois Confederacy, known as ‘The Six Nations’. The other nations are the Mohawks, Onondagas, Cayugas, Senecas and Tuscarroras.
They traditionally speak the Potawatomi language, a member of the Algonquian family. In the Potawatomi language, they generally call themselves Bodéwadmi, a name that means “keepers of the fire” and that was applied to them by their Ojibwe brothers.
The Potawatomi are first mentioned in French records, which suggest that in the early 17th century, they lived in what is now southwestern Michigan. During the Beaver Wars they fled to the area around Green Bay to escape attacks by both the Iroquois and the Neutral Nation, who were seeking expanded hunting grounds.
As an important part of Tecumseh’s Confederacy, Potawatomi warriors took part in Tecumseh’s War, the War of 1812 and the Peoria War. Their allegiance switched repeatedly between the British and the Americans as power relations shifted between the nations.
Rough Character Drawings:
These are some of the rough character drawings I will be using for my project, although my comic strip is going to have a ‘loose’ drawing feeling it will be more defined than these. These images will be reworked and redone multiple times with detail images of body parts soon.
Dorothy Moulding Brown, 1947, Indian Fireside Tales: Madison, Wisconsin Folklore Society, 7 p. Harry H. Anderson, ed., 1992, Myths and Legends of Wisconsin Indians, Milwaukee History, vol. 15, no. 1, p. 2-36. (as available at http://220.127.116.11/wirp/ICW- 137.html)
“Through the Eyes of the Eagle: Illustrating Healthy Living for Children February 12 – May 22, 2011.” Mitchell Museum of the American Indian: Chicago area museum devoted exclusively to North American native people.. N.p., 1 Feb. 2011. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. <http://www.mitchellmuseum.org/exhibits/nowBoloTies.html>.
Morrissey, Tim. “Bringing Breast Cancer Information to Wisconsin’s Native Americans.” Public News Service. N.p., 13 Oct. 2013. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. <http://www.publicnewsservice.org/2013-10-07/womens-issues/bringing-breast-cancer-information-to-wisconsins-native-americans/a34824-1>.
“Sketch for Burning of the Cedar (1946), Woody Crumbo, Potawatomi, Egg Tempera on Muslin on Wall – Healing and Art – Art Gallery – Exhibition – Native Voices.” U.S National Library of Medicine. U.S. National Library of Medicine, n.d. Web. 22 Apr. 2014. <http://www.nlm.nih.gov/nativevoices/exhibition/art-gallery/index/images/ob1325.html>.
Indian Nations of Wisconsin: Histories of Endurace and Renewal by Patty Loew. Wisconsin Historical Society Press, Madison. WI. C. 2001. FHL book 970.1 L82i